One of the first things any homeowner should do after a storm is to check for roof damage. Even if you have no visible water inside your home, roof damage can still be a possibility.

While it might be tempting to climb up on the roof, we recommend homeowners avoid this whenever possible. Always try to assess roof damage from ground level if you can. Try using a pair of binoculars to see more clearly deciding to use a ladder.

On its own, rain is not usually enough to damage a structurally sound roof. Add wind, flying debris, and hail to the mix, however, and roofs may take a serious pounding.

Sometimes, roof damage is obvious to the eye. Still, you should take your time and look closely when assessing your situation. Some symptoms can be surprisingly hard to spot.

Let’s review some of the most common types of storm damage:

Signs of Wind Storm Damage

Damaging winds are classified as those exceeding 50 miles per hour. Winds associated with severe thunderstorms or hurricanes are often called “straight line” winds to differentiate them from tornadoes. Wind damage is associated with more than half of all severe weather events.

Signs of wind damage storm include:

1. Missing Shingles

Shingles that have cracks or peeling are at major risk of ripping off once wind speeds exceed 60 miles per hour. Although roofing manufacturers cover severe winds in their warranty, the estimated wind speed a roof can endure is based on a new, well-maintained roof.

2. Visible Granule Loss

Some granule loss is common, especially with a brand new roof. With storm damage, granule loss is found in characteristic horizontal lines. This indicates where the shingle seal is broken. Granules rub off as shingles flap in the wind and come into contact with other surfaces.

3. Visible Water Infiltration

Most visible leaks that penetrate through to the ceiling of the building are the direct result of wind damage. In these cases, both the shingles and the roof underlayment are compromised, allowing water to flood into the attic or the upper rooms of the building.

4. Loose Debris

Any loose debris you notice around your home – such as yard waste, outdoor furniture, and so on – could indicate something struck your roof during high winds. Clear debris away as soon as you can to minimize risk and look for characteristic broken shingle patterns to assess impacts.

Signs of Hail and Snow Storm Damage

Hail forms in strong thunderstorm clouds at temperatures of 32°F and below, the same range at which snow is possible. Hailstones are balls of ice, usually most damaging between 1 inch and 1.75 inches in diameter. Because they are compact, they can punch through solid objects.

Signs of hail storm damage include:

1. Missing or Hail-Damaged Shingles

Hail damage can result in the immediate loss of shingles, even if they intact before the storm started. Even if shingles are still present, they may require replacement. Look for cracks and dents with a characteristic round shape showing the location of impact.

2. Clogged or Broken Gutters and Downspouts

After a storm, clogged gutters should be cleaned out as soon as possible. Water drains from a broken gutter directly down into the foot of the building. In time, this can erode the foundation and make the structure unsafe. Check all gutters and downspouts for bending and dislocation.

3. Ice Dams

Shingle roofs that have not been maintained correctly are prone to ice dams. Ice dams develop as a result of snowmelt freezing on the eaves of the roof. This ridge of ice prevents additional water from melting snow from leaving the roof and can encourage leaks. Most ice dams are easily visible.

Signs of Water Damage

It’s not just water driven by high wind that damages a structure. Even a small amount of standing moisture from a storm can lead to serious issues. With that in mind, it’s important to examine your home and surroundings carefully even after the winds die down.

Signs of water damage include:

1. Damage to Roof Supports or Accents

It might not always be obvious if the supporting elements of your roof are damaged. Even if shingles appear to be completely intact, look for areas where water seems to pool during or after heavy rain. Also check the flashing around vent pipes, your chimney, and other elements.

2. Visible Attic Issues and Moisture

Your roof and attic make up a whole ecosystem that works together closely. Check your attic for any signs of moisture penetration that can disclose leaks. Inundated surfaces and insulation may need to be replaced to stop the development of dangerous mold or mildew.

Storm damage remediation is an essential part of protecting your home and peace of mind. To get started, just contact our expert team today.

To find out more or schedule a roof inspection, Contact Us today.